Let’s talk about the proliferation of advice for teens who write that has come with the realisation that we actually exist, thanks to the internet.
Let’s talk about a fundamental thing they get wrong.
South Korean-born artist Kimsooja has had a long, intense career full of installations, performances, photography, videos and site-specific project. This particular installation from 2006 is at the Palace de Cristal in Madrid.
THE NINE CHOIRS OF HEAVEN. An info-graphic for my editorial class and god am I thankful it’s done. Way too much went into this than what I had time for, but hey… I actually kind of like it?
Now excuse me, I must return to my fashion major lifestyle and go sew a coat u_u
EDIT: Re-uploaded with easier viewing!
this is so pretty
And this is what happens when a masterfully crafted katana collides with a masterfully crafted longsword.
Suck it, katana
And that is what happens when a masterfully crafted scalpel collides with a masterfully crafted guillotine.
Does nobody understand that longswords and katanas are two different kinds of tool?Longswords are essentially sharpened fucksticks designed to destroy the shit out of anything resembling armor that comes their way. They shatter bone, jelly flesh, and essentially fuck people up by sheer inexorable force of being a goddamn sharp steel bar.
Katanas don’t do that.They’re not meant to withstand collision with armor or a brick wall or a charging fully outfitted warhorsebecause the circumstances of its development didn’t call for that. It’s a precision instrument. It’s designed to be lightweight, outmaneuver, and find weak spots, not go barreling into people hack-n-slashing your way to victory. It’s a specialized tool.
In a sense this reflects a core difference between cultures; katanas are a shitton of work and preparation to make the execution as efficient and streamlined as possible, while longswords are more durably and simply made in response to a climate that would require a soldier to be a one-man battering ram in battle.
That’s true, however a lot of people think that katanas are hack and slash instruments, and this post demonstrates that it’s not. Really, both parts of the post are making the same point. Katana’s are precision weapons that require enormous amounts of skill, they can’t just cut a person in half, no matter how cool that would be.
If you don’t think longswords require an insane amount of skill to make well, then you’re wrong. Ancient Irish technologies have been uncovered to have almost perfectly mimicked the Asian techniques of swordmaking. Simply because quality steel, with low impurity and therefore higher resistance to shattering.
Look into the proto-gaelic Ulfberht swords. Starting as early as the 1000s making insanely high quality swords, with high carbon rating and slow slag content. Swords with a steel quality that went unrivaled until the 1700s. It’s rumored that one of the reasons was because the makers, instead of using charcoal to infuse carbon into the steel, used charred bones, usually of one’s ancestors, or a mighty beast slain by the intended wielder (most often a bear) and bones, when charred, retain and infuse carbon much better than charcoal.
My point is that swords developed, and were works of art, around the entire world. Comparing a longsword to a katana is like comparing a longsword to a smallsword (which had a similar use to Katanas, but in europe)
The point is that there’s this myth cropping up that Katanas are indestructible killing machines that can cut through anything, but they’re not. To argue however, that longswords are sharpened hunks of steel is completely ignorant. Historical longswords are misportrayed because in the 1500s, when swords started to fall out of use in major combat, noble houses started hanging their family swords on their walls. This became the major practice, but as new houses, without family swords, and those houses who let their swords rust, started to come into power, they started hanging good looking pieces of steel up on their wall. Some of these swords weighed in excess of 40 pounds, and hundreds of years later people seem to have forgotten entirely what European swords are. There are swords intended to beat armored enemies into a bloody and broken mess, but the standard side sword was not that. Nobody took their family sword into battle, and smashed it into their enemy until they won. Combat in those times was about maneuver and counter maneuver, much like Japan. Yes, there were heavily armored troops, and yes there were weapons made entirely to meet them in combat (See the great axe, War hammer, War Maul, Bastard and Two handed longsword.) But the sword shown above, and that was most popular in the era at question, is not the sword you think it is.
They call swordplay a Martial Art for a reason. Because it’s not about beating down your enemy. It’s a dance, no matter what side of the planet you’re on.
During the Bubonic Plague, doctors wore these bird-like masks to avoid becoming sick. They would fill the beaks with spices and rose petals, so they wouldn’t have to smell the rotting bodies.
A theory during the Bubonic Plague was that the plague was caused by evil spirits. To scare the spirits away, the masks were intentionally designed to be creepy.
Mission fucking accomplished
Okay so I love this but it doesn’t cover the half of why the design is awesome and actually borders on making sense.
It wasn’t just that they didn’t want to smell the infected and dead, they thought it was crucial to protecting themselves. They had no way of knowing about what actually caused the plague, and so one of the other theories was that the smell of the infected all by itself was evil and could transmit the plague. So not only would they fill their masks with aromatic herbs and flowers, they would also burn fires in public areas, so that the smell of the smoke would “clear the air”. This all related to the miasma theory of contagion, which was one of the major theories out there until the 19th century. And it makes sense, in a way. Plague victims smelled awful, and there’s a general correlation between horrible septic smells and getting horribly sick if you’re around what causes them for too long.
You can see now that we’ve got two different theories as to what caused the plague that were worked into the design. That’s because the whole thing was an attempt by the doctors to cover as many bases as they could think of, and we’re still not done.
The glass eyepieces. They were either darkened or red, not something you generally want to have to contend with when examining patients. But the plague might be spread by eye contact via the evil eye, so best to ward that off too.
The illustration shows a doctor holding a stick. This was an examination tool, that helped the doctors keep some distance between themselves and the infected. They already had gloves on, but the extra level of separation was apparently deemed necessary. You could even take a pulse with it. Or keep people the fuck away from you, which was apparently a documented use.
Finally, the robe. It’s not just to look fancy, the cloth was waxed, as were all of the rest of their clothes. What’s one of the properties of wax? Water-based fluids aren’t absorbed by it. This was the closest you could get to a sterile, fully protecting garment back then. Because at least one person along the line was smart enough to think “Gee, I’d really rather not have the stuff coming out of those weeping sores anywhere on my person”.
So between all of these there’s a real sense that a lot of real thought was put into making sure the doctors were protected, even if they couldn’t exactly be sure from what. They worked with what information they had. And frankly, it’s a great design given what was available! You limit exposure to aspirated liquids, limit exposure to contaminated liquids already present, you limit contact with the infected. You also don’t give fleas any really good place to hop onto. That’s actually useful.
Beyond that, there were contracts the doctors would sign before they even got near a patient. They were to be under quarantine themselves, they wouldn’t treat patients without a custodian monitoring them and helping when something had to be physically contacted, and they would not treat non-plague patients for the duration. There was an actual system in place by the time the plague doctors really became a thing to make sure they didn’t infect anyone either.
These guys were the product of the scientific process at work, and the scientific process made a bitchin’ proto-hazmat suit. And containment protocols!
Hey guys! I know there are several of you on here who like to cause your characters pain - physically and emotionally - so here’s a chart that can help you do so logically.
*please note that symptoms such as vomiting can also be induced by severe pain
I watched Catching Fire this afternoon, and I remembered what it was about those books that captured my attention. It’s the revolution, the uprising, the slow beginnings of rebellion and defiance with the berries and the salutes, first from District 11 and then from more and more of them, the mockingjay wings and the slogans painted angrily on walls in red. It’s Katniss as a beacon of hope for people have lived in fear.
The world’s most viewed TED Talk. In GIFs!
I just can’t reblog this enough. If I filled up my tumblr with just this it wouldn’t be enough. Most of all I wish I could tell my immediate family about this because they perpetuate me growing out of creativity -.-